December 22, 2006
December 19, 2006
I love that I can run any work-required Win-only application right inside my Mac. That's pretty cool.
On a recommendation, I also installed Desktop Manager. What a deal! I use this all the time on my Linux boxes - I love having multiple workspaces at once - and this'll be handy too. I figure one workspace can have Windows and the other ones can have Mac stuff.
This is fun!
At work: I like set routines and organized ways of doing things; rules and directions are a great help to me. I prefer to stay on one topic at a time. I need to know what is expected of me, and I always want to know if I am on the right track. I like subjects that are useful and traditional, such as business, accounting, history and government.
With family: I like stability and security and enjoy traditions and frequent celebrations. I like to spend holidays with family members, and I plan ahead for such gatherings.
Take this quiz!
December 18, 2006
I love tools like this. I love organizing things! Whee!
Brr: Winter has arrived, at long last. I now know that 56° is my "yep, it's winter" cut-off temperature. (Call me a wimp if you want; come back when it's 115° and I'm happy as a clam, and we'll talk.)
December 15, 2006
I have a dream where the engineers responsible for a subassembly update their own subassembly web pages. It might be a pipe dream, but it could be a lot closer to reality if there was an easy way for them to update their pages without having to log into the server, know HTML, et cetera. I've been monitoring the Web4Lib and SysLib listservs for quite some time and collecting comments about 9 different CMSs plus a wiki of some kind, and I just found CMS Matrix, which blew my mind. So I plugged in all the things I'd like to see, and it came back with two products that were already on my list, and one that wasn't. So I'm going to read up on them and next week, start installing and trying them out! Woot!
December 14, 2006
It's danged spiffy!
I'm looking forward to learning all the various iApplications that came with it, not to mention installing OpenOffice. I'm even looking forward to migrating all my junk, although since 90% of it is either photos or HTML files, it should go pretty easily. Whee!
Hello, Mac. Nice to have you here.
December 11, 2006
My favorite speakers were Richard Pearce-Moses (very lively speaker), Elizabeth Yakel (she's actually using tools we're using, like wikis and Google Analytics and things!), and Simon Tanner (he's an engaging and entertaining speaker, even if I don't have to worry about cost models).
I don't think I'd attend another one of these. I got more out of the "School for Scanning" conference I attended in 2001, which apparently NEDCC runs annually; I might check it out for next year, but SolidWorks World, SLA and Internet Librarian come first on the things-to-go-to list!
Closing Keynote Speaker: Clifford Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information
Step back and think about the whole notion of stewardship... (uses the environment as an example)
"law" vs "custom" for preservation of intellectual work
Ramifications of IT (Not starting with digital, but the massive treasure-houses of physical holdings we already have)
- Physical collections are more at risk now than ever
- Now have the ability to produce better & better surrogates for physical itemss
- Stewardship used to mean protection; now it means both protection and dissemination
Now, to digital collections
- Not just what we usually think of, but also "born electronic" items like film, sound recordings, etc
-- massive amount of poorly stewarded stuff
- The advent of increasingly database-driven information is negatively impacting historical research
-- example: Lists of flights to cities from NYC in 1965 (relatively easy to obtain) vs 2005 (very hard)
- Future digital material defies description even more
-- example: MySpace, Second Life
- Discussion of storage versus non-storage issues
-- all of a person's writings versus data output from the Large Hadron Collider or current astronomical institutions
- Privacy & liability issues change as data ages
- Need to be wise about how we use material
Characteristics of preserving & curating
- Endless writings about the technical issues are available
- Tendency to stress aout deep-time and obsess about formats
- If the bits don't make it to next month, there's not much worry about your descendents being able to read it!
-- need to focus on the near-time issues in order to get to the deep-time ones
*It's not IT that does it, it's organization!*
Fragility of data these days
- example: Used to be it was hard to unpublish something, but now it can be done with a keystroke
Futur of special collections will be the individual.
Speaker: Simon Tanner, King's College London
(Guy's doing some interesting things around the world with digital collections - is manager for Desmond Tutu Digital Archive - very cool!)
Revenue generation models
Role of public repositories: place where community "connects with the past and invents its future"
It's about *time*! (time to take action is short, but the actions are continuous)
What does all this mean for our future?
- Attention is vital to economic sustainability
- Access is valued more than preservation by the users
- Without access, there are very few long term preservation strategies that are sustainable
- How do we finance this? Talk to the designated community & compare costs with OAIS model
Cost & Business models (they are not the same thing!)
Balancing costs, benefits, and mission
- Essential to quantify consequences & risk of loss of digital materials
Justifying & building a case
- Identify timeframe in which action can be taken
- Build awareness of increasing dependence on digital materials
- Produce evidence of cost elements
- Be persuasive!
- Emphasize the strategic fit with current goals
- Show a clear understanding between costs and benefits
- Benefit the designated community!
Levers to get your way
- Legal accountability
- Risk consequences
- Ownership of the problem
- Critical to mission
Speaker: Robin Dale, RLG - Programs, OCLC Office of Programs & Research
What's in your repository?
"Repositories" and "Archives" - semantically confusing scene
Digital preservation is:
- Of immense scale
- Potentially expensive
Communicating trust is imperative!
Trusted digital repository
- Mandate to preserve information over time
- Capability to do so
- Risks & vulterabilities are understandable
- Committed rol in collaborative network
How do we move forward?
- Building a checklist
- Envisioned uses of a checklis
-- basis for certification
Discussion of RLG-NARA checklist development, "Audit checklist for the certification of trusted digital libraries".
CRL project to put the above recommendations in place
Building trust & obtaining certification
Speaker: David Joyall, NEDCC
(Very short presentation, as he was replacing the original speaker, who was unable to attend.)
Current scanner & digital camera technology
Role of the digital capture technician
Speaker: Priscilla Caplan, Florida Center for Library Automation
Preservation Pyramid: (top down)
* Fixity - quality of not being altered or deleted
* Viability - quality of being readable from media
* Renderability - quality of being displayable or otherwise usable
* Authenticity - quality of being what it purports to be
Standards for metadata
- PREMIS, IMER (general)
- Z39.87 (format-specific)
- METS, MPEG-21 (packaging)
What does all this mean? Questions to ask if you are developing a digital repository or building digital content.
NEDCC Persistence of Memory Conference
Speaker: Elizabeth Yakel, University of Michigan
Links from talk on her del.icio.us site
* Access & Accesibility
- virtual presence, finding aids, digital imaging, MARC records
- ability to make sense of collections
* Differences between physical & virtual worlds
- create rich context! repurpose, interlink, multiple points of access
* Mediation to Collaboration
- commenting, tagging, collaborative filtering, bookmarking/bookbags
- social navigation
- "Developing Archival Metrics", UMich SI department report
- Google Analytics
Persistence results from accessibility, not access!
December 5, 2006
Speaker: Katherine Skinner, Emory University
Networking! (people, not computers)
Milward & Provan, "A Manager's Guide to Choosing and Using Collaborative Networks", 2006
Collaborative management of:
-- Distributed, self-governing
-- Centralized, lead organization
-- Centralized, formed management entity
Emerging digital library models: Open Source, OAI, DSpace, Google Print, etc
- all extremely collaborative on a large scale!
Digital preservation models: LOCKSS, MetaArchive, etc
MetaArchive details (6-way collaboration on the history and culture of the American South, done with a contract with the Library of Congress. Nifty-sounding project!)
Speaker: Robert Spindler, Arizona State University Libraries
Separate disciplines, common interests
- usually separate administrative units, so they compete for resources instead of collaborating
Disciplinary skill sets (librarians, museum professionals, IT, archivists)
Depocas, Ippolito, & Jones, "The Variable Media Approach: Permanence Through Change", 2003
Collaborations with creators
What is the need for collaboration?
- NSF "Report of the Blue-Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure", 2004
- Survival of digital assets depends on effective collaboration
- Creators are still reluctant
- Obstacles still exist
Speaker: Tom Clareson, PALINET
Risk Management for Digital Collections
- Digital disaster mitigation
- Programmatic policy risks
Do we have a written digital disaster recovery plan? If not, why not?
General security issues (visitor access, password control, equipment security, training, etc)
- internal threats
Computer security threats (viruses, worms, trojans, etc)
- external threats
Need to learn to distinguish risks from threats
Digital Preservation Survey Project
- project overview, 2005 survey results, key findings
Digital preservation is more than just backups!
Next steps: New survey in 2007 of established digital preservation programs; NEDCC proposing national digital preservation workshop series
Speaker: Richard Pearce-Moses, Arizona State Library & Archives
His first comment really made me laugh: Everyone needs to get over their fear of the boxes! (meaning computers)
Created a "dictionary" of terms for use in Arizona's state digital preservation process, specifically how we use language, jargon & acronyms
"Precision" vs "Consensus" in defining terms
No nice, neat, clean taxonomy; a definition of a thing can be anything - a digital asset is basically anything you want it to be!
Functions of a digital asset
- curation, discovery, preservation
Characteristics: of the asset itself, and as a surrogate
- context, content, structure
Prescriptive definition of a digital asset:
- Digital information that:
* is valuable (time/money)
* has variety of purpose
* has content
* has context
* has a structure
Think about the emphasis of digital assets as "items".
Speaker: Paul Conroy, University of Michigan
Lyman & Varian, "How Much Information", 2003
Preservation & Usability
[...] different things to different people
= the company & what it does
= the cultural metaphor
* Instant gratification
* Anonymous, unmediated
* "Essentialness of Digital Content"
* Rip, Mix & Burn: Repurposing digital content & sharing it
* Provides source material for new forms of scholarship
Waters & Garrett, "Preserving Digital Information", 1996
Levy, "Scrolling Forward", 2001 (response to above)
ACLS, "Our Cultural Commonwealth", 2006; Cyberinfrastructure vs Deep Infrastructure
Integrity to OAIS as a common international language (and ISO standard)
Trusted archive to certification - must be multifaceted
In this age of Google, how do we communicate trust?
Conway, "Preservation in the Digital World", 1996
- basic preservation principles endure
Environmental storage, reformatting, R&D, leadership & advocacy
- ARL has endorsed digitization as a preservation technique
Dilemmas for Preservation
- Is it really that complicated? (Yes!)
* Frequent interventions
* Format obsolescence
* Long time frames
* Instant access
* Faithful reproduction
- Success with enfironmental control: Is it actually working to our detriment?
- What difference are we really making? (are we seeing the uses & impacts we expected?)
- Back side of Moore's Law (as technology gets cheaper, people get more expensive)
- History ends in 1923 (copyright issues)
- Market Share
What is the way forward?
- Embrace the all-digital world
- Demand national action
- Support the online community
- Choose cost effectiveness
- Evaluate & report in a timely manner!
Prediction: We are heading for a total, digital heritage (backed by environmentally managed paper collections).